The Long, Sad History of Excalibur Almaz

Excalibur Almaz's space tourism vehicle concept. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)
Excalibur Almaz’s space tourism vehicle concept. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)

Houston Press has a long, sad look at one of the more curious NewSpace projects, Excalibur Almaz, and the man behind it, Art Dula.

Excalbur Almaz is a company based in the Isle of Man whose goal is to refurbish a couple of Soviet-era Almaz space stations and four crew return capsule for some type of space mission. The company has gone through numerous iterations, from space tourism to commercial space station to NASA commercial crew to deep space mining facility.

So far they haven’t raised enough money for any of these ideas, although the company has generated a couple of investor lawsuits alleging fraud, one dismissed and the other still pending.

There are a couple very troubling allegations that are chronicled in the story. One is that the sales agreement between Excalbur Almaz and the Russian seller stipulated that the technology was not to be modified for space flight. This is alleged in a lawsuit filed by Japanese investor Takafumi Horie.

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Excalibur Almaz Hardware Headed Somewhere But Not Space

Excalibur_Almaz_capsule
Excalibur Almaz capsule

A couple of updates on Excalibur Almaz, whose Soviet-era space station and capsule were seen being shipped from one location to another on the Isle of Man. Excalibur Almaz Founder and CEO Art Dula told The Independent there wasn’t much to see there:

The company is “still in business and still on the Isle of Man,” he insisted. Refusing to divulge where the equipment is being taken, saying it is “a confidential business matter”. Mr Dula said: “There is a capsule on the Isle of Man, there is a space station on the Isle of Man and they are staying there. I was in communication yesterday with the transport museum in Jurby because we try to keep our equipment so that the public can see it. We think these are good educational exhibits… but they are not just museum exhibits, they are actual spacecraft.”

While “there aren’t any facilities on the Isle of Man for working on this equipment,” the company had gone there because “we got a very nice deal on rent from the Isle of Man government”.

But the lease ran out, which is why the equipment has been moved from the hangar at Jurby Airfield, he explained. There are no launch facilities on the Isle of Man either, which means that the company had never intended to launch missions from there anyway, Mr Dula said.

A report by IOMToday contradicted this report, reporting without attribution the space station and capsule are headed off the island:

This week its Soviet era space station and capsule were transported by JCK from storage at Balthane to the Sea Terminal, from where they are being shipped to Southampton and then onwards to Jeddah in Saudi Arabia….

The company said it was now working with the International Space University in Strasbourg to transform a space capsule into a reusable orbital laboratory used to research microgravity.

End of the Line for Excalibur Almaz?

Excalibur_Almaz_capsule
It looks like the end of the road for Excalibur Almaz, the Isle of Man-based space company that has produced more lawsuits than space flights during its existence.

One of the company’s two space stations and its remaining return capsule has been seen heading for the Isle of Man’s port on the back of a truck. The company’s phone number has been disconnected. And the company hasn’t put out a press release since July 2012.

The departure of a Russian space station from the Isle of Man signifies the “end of Manx space tourism,” according to a government minister.

Space exploration and tourism company Excalibur Almaz imported two capsules in 2011 and planned to use them for space holidays costing £100m.

The company was unavailable to comment on where the 11m (36ft) long space station, built in the 1980s, is going….

Manx Economic Development Minister Laurence Skelly said: “I am saddened to see the end of the potential space tourism project – however it is not the end of the Isle of Man’s space industry which is alive and well.”

Excalibur Almaz hoped to use two leftover Soviet-era Almaz space stations and a pair of return capsules to launch its own space program. The company had a difficult time finding anyone to fund the program. Last year, the company auctioned off one of the return capsules.

Along the way, Excalibur Almaz has been sued twice [here and here] by investors for alleged fraud. The company and its founders, Art Dula and J Buckner Hightower, have denied the claims.

Excalibur Almaz Sez: We Are Not a Scam

An Almaz space station module being transported on the Isle of Man. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)
An Almaz space station module being transported on the Isle of Man. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)

IOMToday reports that Excalibur Almaz is denying charges that it fraudulently took funds from an investor to use Soviet-era space hardware for human stations:

“These allegations are baseless and will be vigorously defended. To set the record straight, Excalibur Almaz is not out of business and is vigorously pursuing a profitable commercial space program utilizing proven Russian flight hardware capable of re-use, contrary to recent allegations.”

In a lawsuit, Japanese investor Takafumi Horie accused Excalibur Almaz founders Art Dula and J Buckner Hightower of misleading him in order to obtain a $49 million investment in the company. Horie says the Soviet-era Almaz space station hardware the company purchased were museum pieces that could never be launched into space.

Read the full story.

Art Dula Sued Over Alleged Fraud Regarding Excalibur Almaz

Excalibur_Almaz_capsule
Art Dula is facing another lawsuit alleging fraud connected with Excalibur Almaz, a company that has been seeking to use old Soviet space station hardware for commercial purposes.

The lawsuit, Takafumi Horie v. The Law Offices of Art Dula, which was filed Nov. 10 in a Harris County district court, alleges that attorney Art Dula convinced Takafumi Horie that he could set up a commercial space transportation program to carry people and cargo into a low Earth orbit by using Russian-made Almaz class space craft.

The lawsuit also alleges that Art Dula used his position as trustee for the Robert A. and Virginia Heinlein Prize Trust [Heinlein was a prolific science fiction author who was famous for writing about manned space exploration] to “get new business.” The lawsuit also alleges that Dula took $49 million of the investor’s money and put it into his IOLTA account for Horie’s “Japan Space Dream” business. But according to the petition, that business was only to remain a dream.

“Dula never intended to engage in a commercial space program, and in fact continually misrepresented, concealed facts and defrauded his client Takafumie Horie d/b/a Japanese Space Dream,” according to the petition which alleges fraud, breach of contract and breach of fiduciary duty among other things.

The petition alleges that Horie learned the investment was a “sham” when he learned that Dula had allegedly sold a Russian spacecraft at auction that “was only suitable for display in a museum, and not as a potential flight vehicle as had been falsely represented to plaintiff Horie from the beginning.”

Read the full story.

This is not the first lawsuit against Dula alleging fraud in connection wit Excalibur Almaz.

Excalibur Almaz Space Capsule Bought at Auction

Excalibur_Almaz_capsule
Credit: Excalibur Almaz

Is this the end of the line for Excalibur Almaz, the Isle of Man company that had a dream of turning old Soviet space hardware into gold?

An anonymous bidder snapped one of the company’s space capsules for $1 million euros ($1.39 million) on Tuesday during an auction at the Kunsthaus Lempertz auction house in Brussels, Belgium. The vehicle had flown into space unmanned on two occasions during the 1970’s as part of the Soviet Union’s space station effort and had been refurbished by Excalibur Almaz.

The auctioned capsule was one of four reusable reentry vehicles (RRV) owned by Excalibur Almaz, which also acquired a pair of Almaz space station modules that never flew. The company’s intent has been to recycle the hardware for use in crewed missions to Earth orbit, cislunar space, libration points and deep space. However, the company has never announced a customer.

Whether Excalibur Almaz is still pursuing this aim is unclear. An email to Rob Lazaro, who is listed as the company’s public relations director on its website, has not been returned. The last news update on the site is from July 2012.

Chris Stott Dismissed as Defendant in Excalibur Almaz Lawsuit

An Almaz space station module being transported on the Isle of Man. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)
An Almaz space station module being transported on the Isle of Man. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)

There’s some good news for Chris Stott:

The Chief Executive of MannSat, Chris Stott, has been dismissed from a lawsuit which had been filed in the United States.

A woman from Houston in Texas had brought the case against Excalibur Exploration Chairman Arthur M. Dula and CEO J. Buckner Hightower.

Donna Beck alleged Mr Dula defrauded her and her late husband out of $300,000 by claiming his company had a ‘special rocket engine’ to ‘travel in space to a distant asteroid and mine precious metals’.

Mr Stott – who married NASA astronaut Nicole Stott at St Peters in Onchan – is a Director of Excalibur. His lawyers said claims against him had been “totally unfounded”.

Read the full story.

Excalibur Almaz USA Names USA Veteran as President

Artist's conception of the private Excalibur Almaz space station in orbit. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)Houston, Oct. 1, 2012 (Excalibur Almaz PR) — Excalibur Almaz, USA (www.theAlmazUSA.com) is pleased to announce that Dennis K. Diemoz has been named President of Excalibur Almaz, USA (EA USA). He has also been appointed to the EA  Board of Directors. Mr. Diemoz provides a rich history of aerospace industry executive management.

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Investor Sues Art Dula, Excalibur Almaz for Alleged Fraud

Artist's conception of the private Excalibur Almaz space station in orbit. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)Via Clark Lindsey at NewSpace Watch: A Texas woman has sued Art Dula and Excalibur Almaz over for allegedly defrauding her and her late husband in an asteroid mining scheme:

Donna Beck sued Houston patent attorney Arthur Dula, his companies Excalibur Exploration Limited, Excalibur Limited, Excalibur Almaz Limited and Excalibur Almaz USA Inc., and Excalibur directors J. Buckner Hightower and Christopher Stott, in Harris County Court.

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Reports: SpaceX, Boeing and Sierra Nevada Win Commercial Crew Awards

NBC News space correspondent Alan Boyle is reporting that the NASA commercial crew winners are SpaceX, Boeing and Sierra Nevada Corporation. Boyle reported the results on Twitter at 7:01 EDT and promised a story would be coming soon. NASA is set to announce the winners at 9 a.m. EDT on Friday.

[UPDATE: Here’s Alan’s story]

The Wall Street Journal‘s intermittently reliable Andy Pasztor quotes “industry officials” as saying that Boeing and SpaceX “are expected” to receive full awards and that Sierra Nevada “seemed likely” to receive half an award for its Dream Chaser shuttle. Boyle acknowledged the story and Tweeted:

By the way, WSJ is reporting SpaceX and Boeing, and likely SNC. But our sources are “knowledgeable” as of today.

SpaceX has developed the Falcon 9 and Dragon capsule to carry seven astronauts to the International Space Station. Boeing is building the CST-100 spacecraft, which will launch on a modified Atlas V rocket built by United Launch Alliance. Sierra Nevada’s Dream Chaser will also launch on an Atlas V.

Many of the modifications required to human-rate the Atlas V would benefit both Boeing and Sierra Nevada. This approach would allow NASA to fund development of both space vehicles and the launch system.

Other competitors include ATK, Blue Origin and Excalibur Almaz.

We will post further updates as we get them.

 

 

Commercial Crew Announcement this Week?

EDITOR’S NOTE: Charles now tells me that NASA is likely to inform the companies of their decision on Thursday morning. There is usually a lag between that action and a public press conference.

UPDATE: NASA will publicly announce the winners on Friday morning.

Charles Lurio of The Lurio Report has emailed me saying that he has heard from a very reliable source that NASA will announce the next round of commercial crew funding on Thursday or Friday. This is no independent verification of this report.

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Excalibur Almaz Completes Commercial Crew Agreement with NASA

Excalibur Almaz's space tourism vehicle concept. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. (NASA PR) — Excalibur Almaz Inc. (EAI) has successfully completed its Commercial Crew Development Round 2 (CCDev2) partnership with NASA’s Commercial Crew Program. Through CCDev2, NASA is spurring innovation and development of safe, reliable and cost-effective spacecraft and launch vehicles capable of transporting astronauts to low Earth orbit and the International Space Station.

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Excalibur Almaz Promises the Moon — For a Price

Excalibur Almaz's space tourism vehicle concept. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)

By Douglas Messier
Parabolic Arc Managing Editor

Art Dula was at the Royal Aeronautical Society’s 3rd European Space Tourism Conference in London this week, promoting Excalibur Almaz (EA) and announcing an agreement with XCOR Aerospace for crew training.

Based upon what I have read, EA’s latest plan for using surplus Soviet-era space stations and capsules sounds pretty awesome. A flight to the moon and back for the low, low price of $150 million. Pricey, but definitely on the mega-cool side of the spectrum.

But, then again, the company’s plans always sound pretty cool. And then…well…

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Commercial Crew Partners Milestone Progress Report

CCDev milestones status, June 2012. (Credit: NASA)

NASA PR — NASA’s commercial crew partners continue to achieve exciting milestones as the Commercial Crew Development Round 2 (CCDev2) Space Act Agreements enter their home stretch. Since the agreements were awarded in April 2011, the partners have achieved 48 of the 62 planned test, demonstration, and technical review milestone events. With the maturation of spacecraft and launch vehicle designs being accomplished under CCDev2, NASA’s Commercial Crew Program is well positioned to move into the integrated capability design and testing phase. Awards for new Space Act Agreements are expected in July/August 2012.

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XCOR, Excalibur Almaz Sign Suborbital Training Agreement

Excalibur Almaz's space tourism vehicle concept. (Credit: Excalibur Almaz)

LONDON, United Kingdom (XCOR/EA PR) — Excalibur Almaz Limited (EA), a commercial aerospace company based on the Isle of Man, British Isles, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with California-based XCOR Aerospace for suborbital flight services. The agreement signed in conjunction with the Royal Aeronautical Society’s 3rd European Space Tourism Conference calls for XCOR to provide suborbital flight familiarization and training using its Lynx vehicle for Excalibur Almaz crews traveling on Earth orbit, circumlunar, and deep space missions.

“Suborbital flight experience will serve as an integral preparatory step for the safety, education and enjoyment of our customers traveling on crew expedition missions,” said Art Dula, Excalibur Almaz Founder and Chairman. “The XCOR flights will enhance the overall spaceflight experience of our program and will help ensure that our passengers are both mission and medically qualified to fly in space.”

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