NASA Seeks US Partners to Develop Reusable Systems to Land Astronauts on Moon

Gene Cernan on the moon. (Credit: NASA)

WASHINGTON (NASA PR) — As the next major step to return astronauts to the Moon under Space Policy Directive-1, NASA announced plans on Dec. 13 to work with American companies to design and develop new reusable systems for astronauts to land on the lunar surface. The agency is planning to test new human-class landers on the Moon beginning in 2024, with the goal of sending crew to the surface in 2028.

Through multi-phased lunar exploration partnerships, NASA is asking American companies to study the best approach to landing astronauts on the Moon and start the development as quickly as possible with current and future anticipated technologies.

“Building on our model in low-Earth orbit, we’ll expand our partnerships with industry and other nations to explore the Moon and advance our missions to farther destinations such as Mars, with America leading the way,” said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. “When we send astronauts to the surface of the Moon in the next decade, it will be in a sustainable fashion.”

The agency’s leading approach to sending humans to the Moon is using a system of three separate elements that will provide transfer, landing, and safe return. A key aspect of this proposed approach is to use the Gateway for roundtrip journeys to and from the surface of the Moon.

Using the Gateway to land astronauts on the Moon allows the first building blocks for fully reusable lunar landers. Initially NASA expects two of the lander elements to be reusable and refueled by cargo ships carrying fuel from Earth to the Gateway. The agency is also working on technologies to make rocket propellants using water ice and regolith from the Moon.  Once the ability to harness resources from the Moon for propellant becomes viable, NASA plans to refuel these elements with the Moon’s own resources. This process, known as in-situ resource utilization or ISRU, will make the third element also refuelable and reusable.

NASA published a formal request for proposals to an appendix of the second Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships (NextSTEP-2) Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) on Feb. 7, and responses are due March 25.

According to the solicitation, NASA will fund industry-led development and flight demonstrations of lunar landers built for astronauts by supporting critical studies and risk reduction activities to advance technology requirements, tailor applicable standards, develop technology, and perform initial demonstrations by landing on the Moon.

When NASA again sends humans to the Moon, the surface will be buzzing with new research and robotic activity, and there will be more opportunities for discovery than ever before. Private sector innovation is key to these NASA missions, and the NextSTEP public-private partnership model is advancing capabilities for human spaceflight while stimulating commercial activities in space.

The President’s direction from Space Policy Directive-1 galvanizes NASA’s return to the Moon and builds on progress on the Space Launch System rocket and Orion spacecraft, efforts with commercial and international partners, and knowledge gained from current robotic presence at the Moon and Mars.

For more information about NASA’s Moon to Mars exploration plans, visit:

  • Terry Stetler

    Through multi-phased lunar exploration partnerships, NASA is asking American companies to study the best approach to landing astronauts on the Moon and start the development as quickly as possible with current and future anticipated technologies.

    SpaceX: “hold my coffee….”

  • P.K. Sink

    Amen Brother. And I wonder if Blue is far enough along in development to snag some NASA cash? I guess it’s mostly a question of how much of their own dough they are willing to throw into the pot. Also…it’ll be very interesting to see the Big Boys’ proposals.

  • Vladislaw

    I would guess Blue Origin, Lockheed Martin and SpaceX ?

  • Emmet Ford

    “Oh, I’m sorry. I thought you wanted to land the gateway on the moon. No worries. We’ll put it back. What’s it for, again?”

  • savuporo

    NASA keeps pumping out all those commercial proposal requests. Well, what happened to commercial Mars telecom orbiter ?

    Not a thing. Keep dreaming

  • ThomasLMatula

    Don’t worry, Elon Musk will get to it when he goes to Mars. Indeed, he will probably put a small version of Starlink, a hundred satellites or so, around it to ensure the entire surface is covered for Martian communication and navigation.

  • savuporo

    Get some unicorns as well with it ?

  • windbourne

    If SX does not get a LARGE portion, it will prove that something is way wrong.
    With funding, they could be ready by 2022-3.

  • windbourne

    well, I would not put it past him.
    As the saying goes,
    Elon is slow, but nobody can catch him.