Russia Conducts Tests on Soyuz Replacement Spacecraft

A cosmonaut practices emergency egress from a mockup of Russia's advanced crew transport. (Credit: Energia)
A cosmonaut practices emergency egress from a mockup of Russia’s advanced crew transport. (Credit: Energia)

MOSCOW (Energia PR) — Under the project of the New-Generation Advanced Manned Transportation Spacecraft, tests have been run at S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation, Energia to try out crew activities during ingress into and emergency escape from command compartment of the reentry vehicle.

The tests were run using the reentry vehicle layout mockup and included the operations of settling the crew in the command compartment, as well as an emergency escape from the command compartment on the launch pad, and an unassisted egress from the reentry vehicle after its landing on solid ground outside its designated landing area.

Taking part in crew operations trials were specialists and cosmonauts from the flight tests department of S.P.Korolev RSC Energia and the research institute of the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center.

Cosmonauts in a mockup of Russia's next generation crew vehicle. (Credit: Energia)
Cosmonauts in a mockup of Russia’s next generation crew vehicle. (Credit: Energia)

The trials have validated the layout solutions implemented in the New-Generation Advanced Manned Transportation Spacecraft project in terms of providing crew comfort and safety, as well as resulted in proposals on the design and layout of the command compartment and on the equipment list, implementation of which will make it possible to additionally improve the crew living conditions during pre-launch preparations, during launch and in flight.

For reference:

  1. S.P. Korolev RSC Energia, being the prime contractor for the New-Generation Advanced Manned Transportation Spacecraft, at present continues work on the spacecraft taking into consideration Roskosmos decisions based on the results of the detailed design presented in the early 2013, as well as bearing in mind that in the nearest future a government contract will be signed for the next phase of the project which involves the publication of the design documentation and manufacturing the necessary full-scale mockups and a flight model of the spacecraft needed to start the flight tests.
  2. The crew trials were run on the mockup which had been displayed in late August 2013 at the MAKS-2013 Aerospace Show. The tests have demonstrated that the time needed for the crew to settle in the command compartment on the launch pad, and the time need to egress after the landing are significantly shorter than in the case of Soyuz-type spacecraft.