DoD Spends More Than Half of Space Budget in California

More than half of the Department of Defense’s $19 billion space budget is spent in California, providing nearly 90,000 high-skilled jobs to the Golden State, the California Space Authority says.

In talking points papers released for CSA’s annual California Space Week Washington DC, the non-profit industry group said that DoD spends $10.6 billion, or 55 percent, of its space budget in the state. CSA officials and aerospace representatives spent three days on Capitol Hill this week lobbying legislators and other officials on behalf of key space priorities.

DoD spends more in California than NASA. CSA says the civilian space agency has $3.6 billion in direct contracts and employs 7,100 people with an annual payroll exceeding $900 million at its three field centers. NASA contributes an additional $14.1 billion in indirect jobs, according to CSA.

The CSA’s talking points memo on DoD spending in California is reproduced after the break.

March 2011

Why This Issue is Important to California:

  • DoD space essential to national security
  • DoD space has significant economic impact in California
    • DoD spends an estimated $19B (FY’10) on space programs
    • $10.6B (or 55 percent) of DoD space spending goes to California
    • Provides almost 90,000 high-skill, high-paying jobs

Background Information:

  • Space has grown in importance within DoD as it enables warfighters
    • Space superiority
    • Communications to and between warfighters
    • Precision navigation and timing
    • Missile warning
    • Environmental monitoring
    • ISR
    • Cyber
    • Space systems require stable and increased funding in order to increase effectiveness; investments in space systems have a multiplier effect on warfighters’ effectiveness
    • Congressional support required
    • Support within DoD required
  • DoD space budget must grow as importance of space grows
    • Adequate and stable funding necessary to ensure robust, reliable, affordable and competitive program that assures access to space
    • Funding to include range of small to large expendable launch vehicles available upon rapid response basis
    • Support for U.S. industrial base, including small and medium sized businesses, essential for national security

All of the programs listed below are major space defense programs that benefit from significant contributions from the California defense industry labor force. Note: Contract values are reported where available for major Research, Development, Test & Evaluation (RDT&E) programs.

Space Based Infrared Systems (SBIRS)
Mission: Missile Warning; Missile Defense; Battlespace Awareness; Technical Intelligence
FY12 Budget Request: $987 million

Space Based Infrared Systems (SBIRS) will contribute to the Department of Defense (DoD) mission to deter war and protect the security of the U.S. by providing timely and accurate missile warning information. In addition, SBIRS will develop, acquire, and sustain space-based infrared surveillance, tracking, and targeting capabilities that will support missile defense, technical intelligence and characterization of the battlespace for all warfighters.

Currently, the SBIRS Program consists of four Geosynchronous Orbit (GEO) satellites, two Highly Elliptical Orbit (HEO) payloads (P/L) riding on classified host satellites, and associated ground elements. The two HEO payloads are currently on orbit and functioning. GEO 1 is scheduled to launch in May 2011. Production of an additional 3 GEO satellites is currently underway with a possibility for GEOs 5 and 6 to fill out the constellation. Major contractors include the Lockheed Martin Corporation, and Northrop Grumman, with significant workforces located in Sunnyvale CA and Azusa CA, respectively.

A portion of the SBIRS program is to pursue a Wide Field of View (WFOV) staring approach to MW. This consists of technology development and proof of concept(s) on-orbit. SAIC and Raytheon are the sensor providers for WFOV MW payloads.

Wideband Global SATCOM (WGS)
Mission: Communications
FY12 Budget Request: $281 million

Wideband Global SATCOM (WGS) provides flexible, high-capacity communications for the Nation’s warfighters through operationalization of the Wideband Global SATCOM and associated control systems. WGS will provide a quantum leap in communications bandwidth for marines, soldiers, sailors and airmen. WGS is a multi-Service program that leverages commercial methods and technological advances in the satellite industry to design, build, launch and support a constellation of highly capable military communications satellites.

California based Boeing Satellite Systems is the prime contractor for WGS and in August 2010 was awarded a $182M contract to begin work on the 7th WGS satellite.

Advanced EHF Milsatcom (AEHF)
Mission: Communications
FY12 Budget Request: $2.292 billion

The Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) System is a joint service satellite communications system that provides global, secure, protected, and jam-resistant communications for high-priority military ground, sea, and air assets. The system consists of satellites in geosynchronous earth orbit (GEO) that provides 10 times the capacity of the 1990s-era Milstar satellites. With the termination of the TSAT program, a constellation of as many as six AEHF satellites will provide continuous 24-hour coverage between 65 degrees north and 65 degrees south latitude.

Advanced EHF will allow the National Command Authorities and Unified Combatant Commanders to control their tactical and strategic forces at all levels of conflict through general nuclear war and supports the attainment of information superiority. Lockheed Martin Space Systems is the prime contractor for the AEHF system, and the satellites are assembled in Sunnyvale, CA. The first AEHF satellite was launched in August 2010 and in December, Lockheed Martin was awarded a contract to build a fourth satellite bringing the total contract value for all satellites and ground equipment to $6.6 billion.

Navstar Global Positioning III (GPS)
Mission: Force Enhancement (Positioning)
FY12 Budget Request: $410 million

The Global Positioning Systems Directorate is a joint service effort directed by the US Air Force and managed at the Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC), Air Force Space Command, Los Angeles Air Force Base, Calif. The Directorate is the DoD acquisition office for developing and producing GPS satellites, ground systems, and military user equipment. The GPS constellation is operated and controlled by the 50th Space Wing’s (Air Force Space Command) 2nd Space Operations Squadron, Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado.

GPS is a space-based radio-positioning system nominally consisting of a minimum of 24-satellite constellation that provides navigation and timing information to military and civilian users worldwide. GPS satellites, in one of six medium earth orbits, circle the earth every 12 hours emitting continuous navigation signals on two different L-band frequencies. In addition to the satellites, the system consists of a worldwide satellite control network and GPS receiver units that acquire the satellite’s signals and translate them into precise position and timing information. To date we have deployed multiple GPS II, GPS IIA and GPS IIR satellites. Boeing has shipped the first GPS IIF satellite out of its El Segundo facility and plans to launch the second in 2011. Future sustainment of this constellation looks toward the GPS III for long term sustainment.

A large contract of the ground segment to support GPS IIIA (OCX) has recently been awarded to Raytheon.

Space Launch and Range Program
Mission: Launch the critical satellite systems reliably into orbit
Contract Value: Variable….depending on the number of launches per year, but has a budget of $1.138 billion in FY12 Budget Prequest for the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) Program

Space launch and range has contracted with the United Launch Alliance (ULA—A joint venture of LM and Boeing). This contract provides two families of heavy launch vehicles (the Atlas V, and the Delta IV) to reliably put expensive and frequently one of a kind payloads on orbit. This mission area also keeps the space launch ranges modernized and updated. EELV propulsion suppliers Pratt-Whitney Rocketdyne and Aerojet have significant production in California. One of the two principal launch ranges for national defense launches is at Vandenberg AFB and is a major contributor to the California Central Coast economy. Responsibility for launch acquisition and launch range operation services rests with the Space and Missile Systems Center in El Segundo, CA.

Defense Weather Satellite System (DWSS) (formerly NPOESS….Now in transition)
Mission: Terrestrial and space weather
FY12 Budget Request: $398 million
Contract(s): Developing acquisition plan

Recently NPOES has split their missions and the AF has been assigned the polar orbit weather system. Polar weather is crucial because it provides worldwide weather, and currently NPOES had deleted space weather. As we become more dependent on space, and space systems, knowing and being able to predict space weather is critical to safe satellite operations. Northrop Grumman in Redondo Beach, CA is undertaking a large portion of the development and system integration for DWSS.

Multi-User Objective System (MUOS)
Contract Value: $3.3B for all five satellites in the contract

Mobile User Object System (MUOS) is a narrowband Military Satellite Communications (MILSATCOM) system that supports a worldwide, multi-Service population of mobile and fixedsite terminal users in the Ultra High Frequency (UHF) band, providing increased communications capabilities to smaller terminals while still supporting interoperability to legacy terminals. MUOS adapts a commercial third generation Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) cellular phone network architecture and combines it with geosynchronous satellites (in place of cell towers) to provide a new and more capable UHF MILSATCOM system. The constellation of four operational satellites and ground network control will provide greater than 10 times the system capacity of the current UHF Follow-On (UFO) constellation. Lockheed Martin Space Systems is the prime contractor for MUOS, with a significant workforce in Sunnyvale. El Seguno-based Boeing is a key subcontractor supplying the satellite payload.

Classified Programs
The California space defense industry also contributes to several classified programs either through direct manufacturing activities or support contracts.

Support Programs

California is also host to a large contingent of Federally Funded Research and Development Contractors (FRDC), Systems Engineering Technical Assistance (SETA), and other private contractor personnel that provide support to the DoD. Many of these organizations and personnel are located in the El Segundo area due to the presence of the Space and Missile Systems Center which acquires space goods and services for the DoD.