The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) has announced that it will designate the NASA Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, Calif., as a Historic Aerospace Site. A historic marker will be unveiled during a ceremony at the center on Thursday, August 25th at 10:00 a.m.
Established in 1939 by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), and named after NACAâ€™s first chairman, Joseph S. Ames, the center has been at the forefront of American, and worldwide, aeronautics research. From its earliest days, the center has made noteworthy contributions to the field of aerospace engineering and science, such as the development of a wing de-icing system for aircraft that was awarded the 1946 Collier Trophy; the development of the theories of wing sweep, the transonic area rule, and the oblique wing; and the earliest research efforts in subsonic and supersonic aerodynamics, that were instrumental to improving jet flight in the 1950s. Ames Research Center also developed the concept of blunt body reentry vehicles for space exploration, making it possible for astronauts to return to Earth safely from space.
In 1958, NACA became the nucleus of the newly-created National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Under NASA, Ames Research Center continued to make historic contributions to aerospace engineering and science, such as developing multi-use flight simulators; establishing life science research programs in radiation biology, adaptability to microgravity, and exobiology; and researching the complex airflows around rotorcraft, Vertical Takeoff and Landing (VTOL), and Vertical or Short Takeoff and Landing (V/STOL) aircraft, as well as designing the first tilt-rotor aircraft. The center has also contributed research in air traffic management, and managed a series of airborne science aircraft, planetary atmosphere probes, and robotic explorers, such as the Pioneer spacecraft and Lunar Prospector.
AIAA established the Historic Aerospace Sites Program in January 2000 to promote the preservation of, and the dissemination of information about, significant accomplishments made in the aerospace profession. In addition to the NASA Ames Research Center, other sites recognized by the AIAA History Technical Committee include
- Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.;
- 1940 Air Terminal, Houston, Texas;
- Vandenberg Air Force Base, Lompoc, Calif.;
- Pratt and Whitneyâ€™s Rentschler Field, East Hartford, Conn.;
- The FAAâ€™s William J. Hughes Technical Center, Atlantic City, N.J.;
- Cape Canaveral Air Station;
- Boeing Red Barn, Seattle, Wash.;
- Kitty Hawk, N.C.;
- the site of the first balloon launch in Annonay, France; and
- Tranquility Base on the moon.
For more information about AIAAâ€™s Historic Aerospace Sites Program, contact Emily Springer at 703.264.7533 or email@example.com.
AIAA is the worldâ€™s largest technical society dedicated to the global aerospace profession. With more than 35,000 individual members worldwide, and 90 corporate members, AIAA brings together industry, academia, and government to advance engineering and science in aviation, space, and defense. For more information, visit www.aiaa.org.