Florida Sen. Bill Nelson urged President Barack Obama to quickly appoint a new NASA administrator so that America’s “adrift” space program can recover its bearings. Nelson’s full statement in The Congressional Record is reproduced below.
Mr. President, there are so many things I would like to talk about, not the least of whichâ€”which I will not confine my remarks toâ€”is our space program, which is adrift.
The White House continues to deliberate on who should be the administrator of NASA. The previous administration starved NASA to death by asking it to do too much with too little. The result of that is that now NASA is coming to the end of the life of the space shuttle, as we complete the construction of the International Space Station. With the remaining nine flightsâ€”and those nine flights NASA thinks it can get in during the next year and a half, but they canâ€™tâ€”we are going to have to fly the space shuttle into 2011, and we ought to do that deliberately and slowly to make sure we donâ€™t sacrifice safety.
At the end of that time, upon the completion of the space stationâ€”the International Space Station, with components from a number of countries around the world and something that is larger than two football fields long, 200 miles into the cosmos, circling the globe at 17,500 miles an hour, with research laboratories, with habitation modules for the astronauts and cosmonauts on boardâ€”the United States, when we shut down the space shuttle, will not have a manned vehicle because we didnâ€™t have enough money for the development of the new vehicleâ€”the new rocket, the Ariesâ€”and so we are going to have a gap and we will have to rely on the Russians. We will have to buy a ride on their spacecraft in order to get to our space station, which is a $100 billion investment.
Now, that is the sad state of affairs, and that is where NASA finds itself. NASA is adrift because it doesnâ€™t have a vigorous leader, appointed by the Obama administration, to take charge; someone who understands space flight, who understands management, who understands aeronautics. By the way, aeronautics is the first â€œAâ€ in NASAâ€”the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA does not have a leader as yet who understands how to motivate people and capture the spirit of the American people, which is that we are explorers and adventurers by nature. There is not a heart in America that does not beat more quickly when they think of the potential we have in the cosmos and the exploration of new worlds.
Look at what the Hubbell [sic, proper spelling: Hubble] space telescope has done for us. How do you think we have been able to have the revelations from the Hubbell space telescope? It is because we have been able to send astronauts out there when it could not even see because it had an incorrectly ground lens when we launched it, over a decade and a half ago. We sent astronauts there to repair it in orbit.
Lo and behold, in 2 weeks another flight with astronauts will go to the Hubbell space station, will repair it, will give it new instruments, and for the next 2 decades it will continue to peer into the universe and unlock those secrets about where did we come from and when did it happen and how are we positioned in this universe that is so vast, so infinite that our human minds cannot even grasp. That is the excitement of the future.
Yet NASA is adrift. I call on the White House to please put in an administrator of NASA who is a leader, who understands space, who understands how to motivate people and who can capture the American spirit and help inspire, standing by our President who wants it, a vigorous space program.
I did not come here to speak about that, but I get pretty exercised because I have been the beneficiary of being a part of this space program. I do not like what I see now and I do not like what I have seen in the last 5 years. I have said so on the floor of this Senate, over and over. The more we try to get additional funding in the budget to develop this new rocketâ€”and we were successful in the Senateâ€”the more we would have our legs cut out from under us by the previous White House budget office because they kept starving NASA of funds. That has led us to where we are today.
I personally know our President is a space aficionado. We have talked about it hours on end. I know he wants us to have a vigorous space program. I know President Obama understands how to accomplish the very thing he wants to do with young people, in getting them educated and particularly educated in math and science and engineering. Look to history. Look at what happened in the Apollo program when young people by the thousands starting going into math and science and engineering because they were challenged by what we were doing in the cosmos. We can do that again if the President will give the full support to the space program and if he will put the right leader in NASA.
I came today to speak about another subject, but I do not think there is a much more important subject at this time. With all the problems facing this countryâ€”the economy, the national security situationâ€”you have to tend to your knitting. Americaâ€™s space program and Americaâ€™s preeminence in spaceâ€”that we do not lose the high groundâ€”is a highly important issue, high among the items on the agenda to which this country must attend.