The helicon first stage of the VX-200 VASIMRâ„¢ plasma rocket prototype has achieved its full power rating of 30 kW with Argon propellant in tests conducted last Wednesday at Ad Astraâ€™s Houston laboratory. The helicon first stage is an essential component of the VASIMRâ„¢ rocket and is responsible for generating the core plasma needed by the engine to operate.
Short for Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket, VASIMRâ„¢ is a new high-power plasma-based space propulsion technology, initially studied by NASA and now being developed privately by Ad Astra. A VASIMRâ„¢ engine could maneuver payloads in space far more efficiently and with much less propellant than todayâ€™s chemical rockets. Ultimately, VASIMRâ„¢ engines could also greatly shorten robotic and human transit times for missions to Mars and beyond.
The successful achievement of this milestone clears the way for the integration of the engineâ€™s 170 kW ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) second stage, which is responsible for accelerating and ejecting the plasma out of the rocket nozzle thereby providing useful thrust. The combination of the 30 kW first-stage and the 170 kW second stage yields the rocketâ€™s full rated power of 200 kW.
Reaching the present milestone is particularly significant, as it marks an absolute record for power, using the flight-like radio frequency (RF) solid state power generator developed in partnership with Nautel, Ltd. of Halifax, NS Canada. The Canadian company is also engaged in the final test phases of the similar but more powerful (170 kW) RF generator needed for the second stage.
The achievement of the present milestone is the result of weeks of intense experimentation with the integrated first stage system and required the development of new proprietary algorithms to control a number of functions affecting the stability of the plasma source. Coming on the aftermath of hurricane Ike, the present result is particularly significant, as it bears witness to a rapid recovery of experimental operations by the Ad Astra team, after a major disruption caused by the storm.
In the control of the plasma, the start-up phase was expected to be challenging, due to the extreme changes in electrical conditions that accompany the initial creation of the plasma. The new control algorithms, developed by the team, successfully overcame these difficulties and enabled the power ramp to proceed. These advances in system control are also expected to play an important role in the operation of the 170 kW second stage, the next major objective in the VX-200 program.
â€œWe are elated with this achievement and exceptionally proud of the Ad Astra-Nautel team whose diligence and dedication made it possible, in spite of the disruption caused by the hurricaneâ€ said Franklin Chang DÃaz, Ad Astraâ€™s chairman and CEO.
“Nautel congratulates Ad Astra on this outstanding achievement,” said Peter Conlon, President and CEO of Nautel. “The ground breaking RF and Plasma technology work resulting from the Nautel and Ad Astra collaboration is a testament to the engineering excellence of the two companies.”