Kaguya Captures Earth Rise in HDTV

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Check out this amazing movie of the Earth rising over the Moon shot by the Japanese Kaguya orbiter.

JAXA PRESS RELEASE
9 October 2008

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) successfully captured a movie of the “Full Earth-Rise” using the onboard High Definition Television (HDTV) of the lunar explorer “KAGUYA” (SELENE) on September 30, 2008 (Japan Standard Time, JST, all the following dates and time are JST.) The KAGUYA is currently flying in a lunar orbit at an altitude of about 100 km.

An “Earth-rise,” or the rising Earth over the Moon, was captured for the second time following the first movie shooting on April 6, 2008. The latest success was a very precious moment because it was one of only two chances in a year for the KAGUYA to capture a Full Earth-Rise when the orbits of the Moon, the Earth, the Sun and the KAGUYA are all lined up.

The shooting was performed by the NHK HDTV onboard the KAGUYA. The movie data was captured at JAXA, then processed by NHK.

The location on the Moon is around the North Pole on the near side at a north latitude of 74 degrees or higher. You can see Australia on the lower left and the Eurasian to European Continents and the Arabian Peninsula in the center to the left of the Earth image.

The “full earth-rise” movie data taken this time cover the areas of Eurasia, including Japan, Europe and Africa. You can clearly see the Eurasian Continent and Australia, but clouds cover Japan due to an Autumnal rain front and a typhoon. The latest movie data was taken from the KAGUYA flying over the North Pole of the Moon looking at the Earth with its northern hemisphere upward.

  • Rich Del

    This is a different effect than a Sun rise or Moon rise on the Earth. If you stand on the near-side of the Moon and look towards the Earth, the Earth will appear nearly motionless in the ‘sky’. The Kaguya “Earth-rise” was due to the motion of the orbiting spacecraft, just like the widely cited Apollo-era “Earth-rise” photo.

    By the way, while standing on the Moon, there will be a sunrise every 28 days (or so) with a sunset following 14 days later.